In the s, psychologists began to develop a theoretical outlook unlike behaviorism and psychoanalysis. The development of humanism was also bolstered by similar philosophical movements in Europe, such as developments in phenomenology and existentialism. Humanistic Theory emphasizes on the whole person. It adopts a holistic approach to human existence and pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity, free will, and human potential.
A-Level AQA Psychology Revision
A-Level AQA Psychology Revision - Revisely
Free will: Other approaches to psychology are determinist to a greater or lesser extent, believing that human behaviour id shaped or determined by influences such as biology, learning, upbringing and so on. Humanistic psychology suggests that humans actually have free will over their actions- the ability to make genuine free choices over their actions. Therefore, it rejects the attempts by other approaches to establish general laws of behaviour, suggesting that human behaviour is unpredictable and that each person is unique, as everyone makes their own choices in life. The most basic needs are physiological food, water and so on , followed by safety and security having a home and family , love and belongingness, having friends and positive relationships with family members , self-esteem self-confidence and respect of others , and finally self-actualisation creativity and spontaneity.
By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated An approach is a perspective i. There may be several different theories within an approach, but they all share these common assumptions. The five major perspectives in psychology are biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive and humanistic.
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