It has been seen that language is much more than the external expression and communication of internal thoughts formulated independently of their verbalization. This is true of all peoples and all languages; it is a universal fact about language. Anthropologists speak of the relations between language and culture. It is indeed more in accordance with reality to consider language as a part of culture. Culture is here being used, as it is throughout this article, in the anthropological sense, to refer to all aspects of human life insofar as they are determined or conditioned by membership in a society.
Language is the most important aspect in the life of all humans. A language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. We use language to express or inner thoughts and emotions, make sense of abstract thoughts, to learn to communicate with others, to fulfil our wants and needs, as well as to establish rules and maintain cultures. Language removes the necessity for each member of the human society to learn by trial and error. Solutions to problems are passed on from one generation to the next.
Common culture and common language facilitate trade between people. Minorities have incentives to become assimilated and to learn the majority language so that they have a larger pool of potential trading partners. The value of assimilation is larger to someone from a small minority than to one from a large minority group. When a society has a very large majority of individuals from one culture, individuals from minority groups will be assimilated more quickly. Assimilation is less likely when an immigrant's native culture and language is broadly represented in his new country.
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