Baddeley's model of working memory is a model of human memory proposed by Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch in , in an attempt to present a more accurate model of primary memory often referred to as short-term memory. Working memory splits primary memory into multiple components, rather than considering it to be a single, unified construct. This model is later expanded upon by Baddeley and other co-workers to add a fourth component, and has become the dominant view in the field of working memory. However, alternative models are developing, providing a different perspective on the working memory system.
Executive functioning and working memory in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Auditory Short-Term Memory Behaves Like Visual Short-Term Memory
Background: Green tea Camellia sinensis is a beverage consumed for thousands of years. Numerous claims about the benefits of its consumption were stated and investigated. As green tea is experiencing a surge in popularity in Western culture and as millions of people all over the world drink it every day, it is relevant to understand its effects on the human brain. Purpose: To assess the current state of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of green tea or green tea extracts, l-theanine and epigallocatechin gallate both components of green tea-on general neuropsychology, on the sub-category cognition and on brain functions in humans. Methods: We systematically searched on PubMed database and selected studies by predefined eligibility criteria. We then assessed their quality and extracted data. Outcome: We reviewed and assessed 21 studies, 4 of which were randomised controlled trials, 12 cross-over studies both assessed with an adapted version of the DELPHI-list , 4 were cross-sectional studies and one was a cohort study both assessed with an adapted version of the Newcastle-Ottawa assessment scale.
Working Memory From the Psychological and Neurosciences Perspectives: A Review
The effects of caffeine on cognition were reviewed based on the large body of literature available on the topic. Caffeine does not usually affect performance in learning and memory tasks, although caffeine may occasionally have facilitatory or inhibitory effects on memory and learning. Caffeine facilitates learning in tasks in which information is presented passively; in tasks in which material is learned intentionally, caffeine has no effect.
As a young man, Kazuo Ishiguro wanted to be a singer and songwriter. He played at folk clubs and went through several stylistic evolutions — including a purple, poetic phase — before settling into spare, confessional lyrics. He never succeeded in the music business, but writing songs helped shape the idiosyncratic, elliptical prose style that made him one of the most acclaimed and influential British writers of his generation.