The theory of attachment has been widely debated for years. It is an important issue because it concerns on how important it is in affecting later adult relationships. A variety of different theories in attachment have been put forward in this essay and point to some of the problems that could happen later in life. Attachment describes patterns of relationships from birth to death. It was first studied with non-humans, then human infants and later in human adults. Attachment theory provides an understanding in emotional reactions in infants, and also the basis for understanding love and behavioural problems such as aggression in adults.
The Importance of Theory and Research in Child Development Essay
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Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Behaviourists came up with the idea that it is learnt either through classical or operant conditioning. The learning theory was introduced by behaviourists who base most of their explanation on the effects of nurturing. They proposed that all behaviour is learned rather than inborn and In terms of attachment , through either classical or operant conditioning. They argue that for infants the sensation of hunger and the need for food is an unconditioned stimulus and producing a sense of pleasure happens when the baby receives food. The baby then has an unconditioned response to receiving food.
Outline and Evaluate Learning Theory as an Explanation of Attachment
Suggested Answer: The learning theory of attachment explains how children become attached to their mother or parents through the process of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. For example, before conditioning, food e. The caregiver usually the mother is originally a neutral stimulus; however, during conditioning, the baby associates the mother who feeds them the neutral stimulus with the food the unconditioned stimulus which results in the mother becoming a conditioned stimulus. This leads to a conditioned response of relief from hunger and the formation of an attachment, as the child learns to associate the mother with feelings of relief and happiness. Evidence from Harlow contradicts the learning theory of attachment.
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