This handout provides definitions and examples of the two main types of abstracts: descriptive and informative. It also provides guidelines for constructing an abstract and general tips for you to keep in mind when drafting. Finally, it includes a few examples of abstracts broken down into their component parts. An abstract is a self-contained, short, and powerful statement that describes a larger work. Components vary according to discipline. An abstract of a social science or scientific work may contain the scope, purpose, results, and contents of the work.
Published on 1 March by Shona McCombes. Revised on 7 July An abstract is a short summary of a larger work, such as a dissertation or research paper. The abstract concisely reports the aims and outcomes of your research so that readers know exactly what the paper is about. Follow these four steps:.
An abstract is a short summary of your published or unpublished research paper, usually about a paragraph c. A well-written abstract serves multiple purposes:. So what you include in your abstract and in your title are crucial for helping other researchers find your paper or article.
Extended Essay. Search this site. Class of Extended Essay.