Beekeeping or apiculture is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives , by humans. Most such bees are honey bees in the genus Apis , but other honey-producing bees such as Melipona stingless bees are also kept. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produce including beeswax , propolis , flower pollen , bee pollen , and royal jelly , to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary or "bee yard". Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 10, years ago. It wasn't until the 18th century that European understanding of the colonies and biology of bees allowed the construction of the movable comb hive so that honey could be harvested without destroying the entire colony.
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From increased uses of pesticides, insecticide and fungicides being used of crops and gardens the bees who pollinate are picking up those chemicals. Thus bringing it back to the colony and possibly poisoning the whole colony. In the documentary, More Than Honey, beekeepers have found that transporting bees from afar often causes extensive deaths within the honeybee colonies.
Honeybees used commercially or even kept by beekeepers as a hobby are more likely to have a limited plant diversity to work with possibly just a single crop , and this can lead to nutrition deficiencies, and subsequent weakened immune systems. Neonicotinoids, nicotine-based pesticides, have been specifically linked to the collapse of bee colonies. Many of these bees do not live in colonies and are largely….